Micronesia, Federated States of
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|Cities Micronesia, Federated States of
country code: FM
continent: Australia, Oceania
EU membership: no
NATO membership: no
GPS: 6 55 N, 158 15 E
United States Dollar: USD
1USD = 0.789 EUR
From wikipedia about Micronesia, Federated States of
The Federated States of Micronesia or FSM is an independent, sovereign island nation, made up of four states from west to east: Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae. It comprises approximately 607 islands with c. 700 square kilometers of area in the Western Pacific Ocean spread over almost longitudinally just north of the equator some southwest of the main islands of Hawaii and about north of eastern Australia
, lying northeast of New Guinea
, south of Guam
and the Marianas, west of Nauru
and the Marshalls, and east of Palau
and the Philippines
While the FSM's total land area is quite small, amounting to approximately, it occupies more than of the Pacific Ocean. The capital is Palikir, located on Pohnpei island, the largest city being Weno, part of Chuuk.
Each of its four States is centered around one or more main high islands, and all but Kosrae include numerous outlying atolls. The Federated States of Micronesia is spread across part of the Caroline Islands in the wider region of Micronesia, which consists of thousands of small islands divided between several countries. The term Micronesia may refer to the Federated States or to the region as a whole.
The FSM was formerly a part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), a United Nations Trust Territory under U. S. administration, but formed its own constitutional government on May 10, 1979, becoming a sovereign state after independence was attained on November 3, 1986 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Other neighboring island entities, and also former members of the TTPI, formulated their own constitutional governments and became the Republic of the Marshall Islands
(RMI) and the Republic of Palau
(ROP). The FSM has a seat in the United Nations.
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