country code: MX
continent: North America
capital: Mexico City, D.f.
EU membership: no
NATO membership: no
GPS: 23 00 N, 102 00 W
Mexican Peso: MXN
1MXN = 0.092 USD
1MXN = 0.072 EUR
Travel advices and warnings Mexico
||Tourism in Mexico is a very large industry. Mexico is the number one destination for foreign tourists within the Latin America region and number two destination in the Americas, ranking worldwide in the tenth place in terms of the international tourist arrivals, with more than 22. 6 million visitors in 2008 while US dollar travel spending by all visitors rose 3. 4% to US$13. 3 billion.  More significantly, WTTC's research shows that the country's Travel & Tourism Economy increased its contribution to 13. 2% of Mexico's GDP, growing by 3. 8%. 
||The Mexican culture is perhaps one of the most fascinating cultures worldwide. The mixture of strong native legends, artistic expressions and Spanish culture elements make the Mexican culture unique.
||When planning travel to Mexico you need to consider the weather and seasons so you can make informed decisions about where to go and what to pack. Many people automatically assume that the weather throughout Mexico is always hot - not true! Mexico is a large country and its weather can vary greatly from one destination to another.
The weather in Mexico is determined not only by latitude but also by altitude. Mexico has tropical forests, dry deserts, fertile valleys and snow-capped mountains. Since Mexico's terrain is extremely varied, so is the weather. On the coast the climate is generally balmy year-round, but some months are rainy and others dry, and Mexico City can have days - and nights - that are quite chilly.
||Mexican cuisine, a style of food that originates in Mexico, is known for its varied flavors, colourful decoration, variety of spices, and ingredients, most of which are native to the country. The cuisine of Mexico has evolved through millenniums of blending of indigenous cultures, and later foreign elements after the 16th century. In November 2010, Mexican cuisine was added by UNESCO to its lists of the world's "intangible cultural heritage".
||The government of Mexico recognizes 68 distinct indigenous Amerindian languages as national languages in addition to Spanish. According to the Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples (CDI) and National Institute of Indigenous Languages [INALI], while 10-14% of the population identifies as belonging to an indigenous group, only around 6% speak an indigenous language.
||Depending on what catches your eye, there are many great choices for shopping in Mexico. Whether you want your Mexico vacation to include shopping at local markets with homemade arts or simply stock up on inexpensive goodies from overseas, you"ll find a wide array of great shopping markets. Shopping Mexico is not only a great way to pass an afternoon, but also provides plenty of excellent deals and access to popular Latin American art. All tourist towns, such as Cozumel, Cabo San Lucas, Taxco, Acapulco and even the capital Mexico City, will have shopping in one form or another
||The cost of living in Mexico can be quite low if one is resourceful and patient enough to look for the right place and right items. There are several options to choose from when it comes to standard of living. Even in major cities one can have a very comfortable lifestyle. Prices of products significantly less compared to the United Kingdom.
||The peso (sign: $; code: MXN) is the currency of Mexico. Modern peso and dollar currencies have a common origin in the 15th–19th century Spanish dollar, most continuing to use its sign, "$".  The Mexican peso is the 12th most traded currency in the world, the third most traded in the Americas, and by far the most traded currency in Latin America.  The current ISO 4217 code for the peso is MXN; prior to the 1993 revaluation (see below), the code MXP was used. The peso is subdivided into 100 centavos, represented by "¢". The name was originally used in reference to pesos oro (gold weights) or pesos plata (silver weights). The literal English translation of the Spanish word peso is weight. As of April 5, 2011, the peso's exchange rate was 16. 81 per Euro and 11. 82 per U. S. dollar.
From wikipedia about Mexico
The United Mexican States The alternative translation Mexican United States has also been used., Ar ju: fr6m is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala
, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico
. Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary, 3rd ed. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc. ; p. 733 Covering almost two million square kilometres (over 760, 000 sq mi), Mexico
is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the thirteenth largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of over 112 million, it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country. Mexico
is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city.
In Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica many cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Zapotec, the Maya and the Aztec before the first contact with Europeans. In 1521, Spain
conquered and colonized the territory from its base in México-Tenochtitlan, which was administered as the Viceroyalty of New Spain
. This territory would eventually become Mexico
as the colony independence was recognized in 1821. The post-independence period was characterized by economic instability, the Mexican-American War and territorial cession to the United States, a civil war, two empires and a domestic dictatorship. The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system. Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time that an opposition party won the presidency from the Institutional Revolutionary Party.
Mexico is both one of the world's largest economies and a regional power, and since 1994 the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and a firmly established upper-middle income country. Mexico
is considered a newly industrialized country and an emerging power. It has the thirteenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest by purchasing power parity. The economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States., and in 2007 was the tenth most visited country in the world with 21. 4 million international arrivals.