country code: CN
EU membership: no
NATO membership: no
GPS: 35 00 N, 105 00 E
Chinese Yuan Renminbi: CNY
1CNY = 0.126 USD
1CNY = 0.099 EUR
Travel advices and warnings China
||Tourism in China has greatly expanded over the last few decades since the beginning of reform and opening. The emergence of a newly rich middle class and an easing of restrictions on movement by the Chinese authorities are both fueling this travel boom. China has become one of the world's most-watched and hottest inbound and outbound tourist markets. The world is on the cusp of a sustained Chinese tourism boom.
China is the world's third most visited country in the world. The number of overseas tourists was 55. 98 million in 2010. Foreign exchange income was 45. 8 billion U. S. dollars, the world's fourth largest in 2010. The number of domestic tourist visits totaled 1. 61 billion, with a total income of 777. 1 billion yuan.
||The Culture of China is one of the world's oldest and most complex.  The area in which the culture is dominant covers a large geographical region in eastern Asia with customs and traditions varying greatly between towns, cities and provinces.
||Chinese culture is one of the oldest cultures of the world. The Chinese traditions and culture vary between the different towns, and provinces. A topic on Chinese traditions and culture would be incomplete without mentioning their food, clothes, education and architecture and transport. The historians claim that Chinese culture was very civilized and they had some unique and wonderful traditions.
||Chinese cuisine is one of the greatest methods of cooking. Many elements that have influenced its development. The Chinese people enjoy eating good food at all levels of society so cooking has developed into a very sophisticated art.
There are many kinds of Chinese food from North to South, East to West. Recipes of famous dishes Beijing duck, Shanghai noodles, Sichuan soup and Guangdong dumplings actually are not sofisticated.
Many Chinese dishes are cooked with less meat and more vegetables, so the foods contain lower calories and are less rich than Western style food. Vegetables stay bright and crisp by cooking them for a short time over high heat, either in their own juice or in a small amount of water. This method retains most of the vitamins and minerals.
||In China, a vast land spanning many degrees of latitude with complicated terrain, climate varies radically. China has a variety of temperature and rainfall zones, including continental monsoon areas. In winter most areas become cold and dry, in summer hot and rainy.
||Chinese, the Chinese languages, or the Sinitic languages (汉语/漢語 Hànyǔ; 华语/華語 Huáyǔ; 中文 Zhōngwén) is a language family consisting of languages which are mostly mutually unintelligible to varying degrees. Originally the indigenous languages spoken by the Han Chinese in China, it forms one of the branches of Sino-Tibetan family of languages. About one-fifth of the world’s population, or over one billion people, speaks some variety of Chinese as their native language. Internal divisions of Chinese are usually perceived by their native speakers as dialects of a single Chinese language, rather than separate languages, although this identification is considered inappropriate by some linguists and Sinologists.
||China is a fantastic shopping destination. From bamboo chopsticks to Cultural Revolution memorabilia, whatever your interest, you're bound to be able to buy it in China. As the world's factory, you can find just about anything.
||The days are long gone when China was fantastically cheap. However, China can either be far cheaper or far more expensive than the West, depending not only on where you go, but how you spend your money: simply knowing where and how to travel according to your budget allows you to live well within your means.
||The Renminbi (Chinese: 人民币) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China (PRC). It is the legal tender in mainland China, but not in Hong Kong and Macau. It is abbreviated as RMB, and the units for the Renminbi are the Yuan (元), Jiao (角), and Fen (分): 1 Yuan = 10 Jiao = 100 Fen. Fen have almost disappeared, so the coins in circulation are one yuan, five jiao, and one jiao. Banknotes range from five jiao to one hundred yuan, and vary both in size and color. The distinction between the Renminbi and the Yuan is similar to the distinction between the British Sterling and Pound. Renminbi refers to the whole Chinese money system whereas Yuan is the base unit of Renminbi. Yuan is used to denominate bills, and is the unit in which prices are measured.
From wikipedia about China
China is an entity extending over a large area in East Asia, which is seen variously as a nation and/or multinational.
China is one of the world's oldest civilizations with nearly 4, 000 years of continuous history. Jervis, Nancy. calling themselves "China" emerged: The 'People s Republic of China
(PRC), established in 1949, commonly known as China
, has control over mainland China
and the largely self-governing territories of Hong Kong
(since 1997) and Macau
(since 1999). The Republic of China
(ROC) established in 1912 in mainland China
, now commonly known as Taiwan
, since 1945 has had control over the islands of Taiwan
, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and a few other outlying islands.
In the 1950s, change to economic policies in Taiwan
transformed the island into a technology-oriented industrialized developed economy after a period of high growth rates and rapid industrialization. Meanwhile, mainland China
, under Mao's rule, remained underdeveloped and striken with famines, natural disasters and disastrous CPC-led political campaigns that caused millions of deaths. In the 1970s, reforms led by Deng Xiaoping, known as the Four Modernizations, improved agriculture, industry, technology and defense, raising living standards and making the PRC one of the great powers. By 2011 challenges included the growing divide between rich and poor and environmental degradation.
Historically, the cultural sphere of China
has extended across East Asia as a whole, with Chinese religion, customs, and writing systems being adopted to varying degrees by neighbors such as Japan
, Korea and Vietnam
. Through its history, China
was the source of many major inventions. Haggett, Peter. 2001 (2001). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 23. Edition 2, illustrated. Marshall Cavendish publishing. ISBN 0761472894, 9780761472896. p 37. p 2836. It has also one of the world's oldest written language systems. The first evidence of human presence in the region was found at the Zhoukoudian cave. It is one of the earliest known specimens of Homo erectus, now commonly known as the Peking Man, estimated to have lived from 300, 000 to 780, 000 years ago.