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country code: NE
EU membership: no
NATO membership: no
GPS: 16 00 N, 8 00 E
West African CFA Franc: XOF
1XOF = 0.002 USD
1XOF = 0.002 EUR
From wikipedia about Niger
Niger, officially named the Republic of Niger
, is a landlocked country in Western Africa, named after the Niger
River. It borders Nigeria
to the south, Burkina Faso
to the west, Algeria
to the north and Chad
to the east. Niger
covers a land area of almost 1, 270, 000 km2, making it the largest nation in West Africa, with over 80 percent of its land area covered by the Sahara desert. The country's predominantly Islamic population of just above 15, 000, 000 is mostly clustered in the far south and west of the nation. The capital city is Niamey.
Niger is a developing country. It consistently has one of the lowest ranks of the United Nations' Human Development Index (HDI), currently 167th of 169 countries. Much of the non-desert portions of the country are threatened by periodic drought and desertification. The economy is concentrated around subsistence and some export agriculture clustered in the more fertile south, and the export of raw materials—especially uranium ore. Niger
remains handicapped by its landlocked position, desert terrain, poor education and poverty of its people, lack of infrastructure, poor health care, and environmental degradation.
Nigerien society reflects a diversity drawn from the long independent histories of its several ethnic groups and regions and their relatively short period living in a single state. Historically, what is now Niger
has been on the fringes of several large states. Since independence, Nigeriens have lived under five constitutions and three periods of military rule. A majority live in rural areas, and have little access to advanced education.
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