From wikipedia about Libya
Libya (ليبيا ') is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya
to the east, Sudan
to the south east, Chad
to the south, and Algeria
to the west.
As a result of the 2011 Libyan civil war, there are currently two entities claiming to be the de jure governing authority in Libya
. The Arab Jamahiriya of Muammar Gaddafi, which is recognized by a majority of United Nations member states, refers to the Libyan state as the Great Socialist People s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Geographical Names,, controls most of the country and uses the short-form name Libya
for the Libyan state, but has also on occasion referred to it in the long-form as the Libyan Republic.
Within the United Nations, Libya
under Gaddafi was officially known as the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from 1977. The UN website still refers to Libya
by this name;. But the website of the Libyan mission to the UN is controlled by the Transitional National council (as of 24 August 2011).
With an area of almost, Libya
is the fourth largest country in Africa by area, and the 17th largest in the world. U. N. Demographic Yearbook, (2003),.
Before the outbreak of the civil war (as of 2009), Libya
had the highest HDI in Africa and the fourth highest GDP (PPP) per capita in Africa, behind Seychelles
, Equatorial Guinea
. These were largely due to its large petroleum reserves and low population. Annual Statistical Bulletin, (2004),, International Monetary Fund. Retrieved July 15, 2006. Libya
has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world and the 17th-highest petroleum production.