From wikipedia about Israel
The State of Israel
(Hebrew: He-Medinat Israel2. ogg, Medīnat Yisrā el; دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل,), is a parliamentary republic in Western Asia, located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon
in the north, Syria
in the northeast, Jordan
and the West Bank in the east, Egypt
and the Gaza Strip on the southwest, and contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel
is the world s only Jewish-majority state, and is defined as a Jewish and democratic state in its Basic Laws.
Following the 1947 United Nations decision to partition Palestine, on 14 May 1948 David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist OrganizationThen known as the Zionist Organization and president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared Israel
a state independent from the British Mandate for Palestine. Neighboring Arab states invaded the next day in support of the Palestinian Arabs. Since then, Israel
has fought a series of wars with neighboring Arab states, and has occupied territories, including the West Bank, Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights, beyond those delineated in the 1949 Armistice Agreements. Portions of these territories, including Jerusalem, have been annexed by Israel
but the border with the neighboring West Bank is still not formally defined, as a result of the complex and unresolved political situation. Israel
has signed peace treaties with Egypt
, but efforts by elements on both sides of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict to solve the problem diplomatically have so far met with little or no success. Former Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin pushed for a two-state solution in the 1990s, but was assassinated by a Jewish nationalist.
The population of Israel
, defined by the Israel
Central Bureau of Statistics to include all citizens or nationals, but not foreign workers, within Israel
itself and in the Israeli settlements in the occupied territories, was estimated in June 2011 to be 7, 751, 000 people, of whom 5, 818, 200 are Jewish. Arabs form by far the country's second-largest ethnic group, which includes Muslims and Christians. Other minorities are Druze, Circassians and Samaritans. At the end of 2005, 93% of the Arab population of East Jerusalem had permanent residency and 5% had Israeli citizenship. In the Golan Heights, Druze are entitled to citizenship but most of them have rejected it in favor of "loyalty to Syria
. " Golan belongs to Syria
, Druze protest According to a 2008 census, 1, 579, 700 Arabs and Druze live in East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights.
Israel is a developed country and a representative democracy with a parliamentary system and universal suffrage.. "A current list of liberal democracies includes: Andorra
,... " The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel's unicameral legislative body. The economy, based on the nominal gross domestic product, was the 42nd-largest in the world in 2010.