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country code: GI
EU membership: no
NATO membership: no
GPS: 36 8 N, 5 21 W
Gibraltar Pound: GIP
1GIP = 1.913 USD
1GIP = 1.469 EUR
From wikipedia about Gibraltar
Gibraltar is a British overseas territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean. A peninsula with an area of, it has a northern border with Andalusia, Spain
. The Rock of Gibraltar
is the major landmark of the region. At its foot is the densely populated city area, home to almost 30, 000 Gibraltarians and other nationalities.
The civilian population includes Gibraltarian residents, other British residents (including the wives and families of UK-based servicemen, but not the servicemen themselves) and non-British residents. Visitors and transients are not included. In 2009, this broke down into 23, 907 native born, 3, 129 UK British, 2, 395 Other for a total population of 29, 431. On census night there were 31, 623 people present in Gibraltar
An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar
in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession. The territory was subsequently ceded to Britain by Spain
"in perpetuity" under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. It was an important base for the British Royal Navy; today its economy is based largely on tourism, financial services, and shipping., Spanish Foreign Ministry
The sovereignty of Gibraltar
is a major point of contention in Anglo-Spanish relations as Spain
asserts a claim to the territory. Gibraltarians resoundingly rejected proposals for Spanish sovereignty in a 1967 referendum and again in 2002. Under Gibraltar
constitution of 2006, Gibraltar
governs its own affairs, though some powers, such as defence and foreign relations, remain the responsibility of the UK Government.
Description above from the Wikipedia, licensed under CC-BY-SA
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