From wikipedia about Georgia
Georgia is a sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe — Georgia
may be considered to be in Asia and/or Europe; the UN classification of world regions. places Georgia
in Western Asia; the CIA World Factbook., National Geographic., and Encyclopædia Britannica. also place Georgia
in Asia; conversely, numerous sources place Georgia
in Europe, such as the European Union., the Council of Europe., U. S. Department of State.., British Foreign and Commonwealth Office., World Health Organization., BBC., Oxford Reference Online., Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary., World Atlas. USEUCOM., and The European Library. — it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia
, to the southwest by Turkey
, to the south by Armenia
, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan
covers a territory of 69, 700 km² and its population is almost 4. 7 million. Georgia's constitution is that of a representative democracy, organized as a unitary, semi-presidential republic. It is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization, the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Community of Democratic Choice, the Guam
Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, and the Asian Development Bank. The country aspires to join the North-Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union.
The history of Georgia
can be traced back to the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia. It was one of the first countries to adopt Christianity, in the early 4th century. Georgia
reached the peak of its political and economic strength during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 11th–12th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, Georgia
was annexed by the Russian Empire. David M. Lang, A Modern History of Georgia
, p. 109 After a brief period of independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia
was annexed by Soviet Russia
in 1921 and from 1922 to 1991 the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) was one of the fifteen federal republics of the Soviet Union. Like many post-communist countries, Georgia
suffered from civil unrest and economic crisis for most of the 1990s through the Rose Revolution of 2003, after which the new government introduced democratic and economic reforms. Parsons, Robert (2008-01-11), "", openDemocracy. net. Retrieved on 2008-05-21.
Georgia contains two de facto independent regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which gained limited international recognition after the 2008 South Ossetia war between Georgia
still considers the regions to be part of its sovereign territory.