|Cities Costa Rica
country code: CR
continent: North America
capital: San Jose
EU membership: no
NATO membership: no
GPS: 10 00 N, 84 00 W
Costa Rican Colon: CRC
1CRC = 0.002 USD
1CRC = 0.002 EUR
Travel advices and warnings Costa Rica
||Tourism in Costa Rica is one of the fastest growing economic sectors of the countryand by 1995 became the largest foreign exchange earner. Since 1999, tourism earns more foreign exchange than bananas, pineapples and coffee combined. The tourism boom began in 1987, with the number of visitors up from 329, 000 in 1988, through 1. 03 million in 1999, to a historical record of 2. 1 million foreign visitors in 2010. In 2008, tourism contributed with 7. 2% of the country's GDP, 22. 7% of foreign exchange generated by all exports, and in 2005 it was responsible for 13. 3% of direct and indirect employment.
||Republic of Costa Rica, República de Costa Rica. 4, 327, 000. National or official language: Spanish. Literacy rate: 93% (WA 1999). Immigrant languages: Basque, Eastern Yiddish, Yue Chinese (4, 500). Information mainly from SIL 1967–2002. Blind population: 2, 500. Deaf population: 202, 625. Deaf institutions: 9. The number of individual languages listed for Costa Rica is 10. Of those, all are living languages.
||The climate of Costa Rica. Costa Rica is unequivocally a tropical country, situated between 8° and 11° North latitude, fairly close to the equator. Although in the mountains above 2000 meters you get much cooler temperatures, the average annual temperature for most of the country lies between 21. 7°C (71°F) and 27°C (81°F). The coolest months are from November through January, and the warmest from March through May. San José, the capital, where over a third of the population lives, stands at approximately 1170 meters altitude and has a mean annual temperature of 20. 6°C (69°F).
||Costa Rican cuisine is known for being flavorful, yet fairly mild, with high reliance on fresh fruit and vegetables. The main staple, known as gallo pinto, consists of rice and black beans. 
For lunch, the traditional national dish is called a casado. It again consists of rice and beans served side by side instead of mixed. There will usually be some type of meat (carne asada, fish, pork chop or chicken) and a salad to round out the dish. There may also be some extras like fried plantain (patacones or maduro), a slice of white cheese, and/or corn tortillas in accompaniment. Salsa Lizano is ubiquitous as a condiment and as an ingredient in cooking various dishes, including gallo pinto. In many family gatherings or for special occasions is very common to prepare Arroz con Pollo (rice with chicken) accompanied with a Russian Salad, a salad made with beets, potatoes, hard boiled eggs and mayo. These two dishes are very popular in Costa Rican cuisine.
In taverns, various small dishes (boquitas) are served which include patacones with black bean dip, chimichurri (tomatoes and onions pickled in lime juice) accompanied with tortilla chips, chifrijo (rice and beans with chicharrones, which are fried pork skins, and chimichurri), ceviche (fish and/or shrimp with onions and pickled in lime juice) and vigorón (cabbage, chimichurri, yucca, served with a slice of lime).