|Cities Bosnia and Herzegovina
country code: BA
languages: Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
EU membership: no
NATO membership: no
GPS: 44 00 N, 18 00 E
Bosnia and Herzegovina Convertible Mark: BAM
1BAM = 0.663 USD
1BAM = 0.511 EUR
Travel advices and warnings Bosnia and Herzegovina
||Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a fast growing sector in Bosnia-Herzegovina making up an important part in the economy of the country. The tourist business environment is constantly developing with an increasingly active tourism promotional system.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has been a top performer in recent years in terms of tourism development; tourist arrivals have grown by an average of 24% annually from 1995 to 2000. The European region’s solid growth in arrivals in 2007 was due in significant part to Southern and Mediterranean Europe’s strong performance (+7%). In particular, Bosnia and Herzegovina were among the stronger players with an growth of 20%
||Bosnia and Herzegovina is known for its regional folk costumes and dances, showcased at various folklore festivals. Dances are performed in separate groups of women, men and children, or in other various groups. Usually dancers hold hands or are linked together by handkerchiefs, small towels or strings of beads, as well as grip each others’ belts or shoulders. Men’s dances are usually more vigorous, while women’s are a bit more graceful. Dances are accompanied by such traditional instruments as drums, flutes, lyres and violins. Some dances are performed without music, originally intended to express people’s independence from the Turkish regime, which once banned Slavic music.
||The climate features hot summers and cold winters. In higher elevations of the country, summers tend to be short and cold while winters tend to be long and severe. Along the coast, winters tend to be short and rainy. In July, the mean temperature is 22. 5° C (72. 5° F ). January's mean temperature is 0° C (32° F ). Annual rainfall averages roughly 62. 5 cm (24. 6 in).
Read more: Climate - Bosnia and Herzegovina - annual, temperature http://www. nationsencyclopedia. com/Europe/Bosnia-and-Herzegovina-CLIMATE. html#ixzz1ZQKlGiq8
||Bosnian cuisine is balanced between Western and Eastern influences. The food is closely related to Turkish, Middle Eastern and other Mediterranean cuisines. However, due to years of Austrian rule, there are also many culinary influences from Central Europe
||Bosnian (bosanski [bɔ̌sanskiː], Cyrillic: босански) is a variety of Serbo-Croatian, a South Slavic language, as spoken by Bosniaks. As a standardized form of the Shtokavian dialect, it is one of the three official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The same subdialect of Shtokavian is also the basis of standard Croatian, Serbian, and Montenegrin, so all are mutually intelligible. Up until the dissolution of former SFR Yugoslavia, they were treated as a unitary Serbo-Croatian language, and that term is still used to refer to the common base (vocabulary, grammar and syntax) of what are today officially four national standards. The Bosnian standard uses both Latin and Cyrillic alphabet. The first dictionary in the Bosnian language was printed in the early 17th century, while first dictionary in Serbian was printed in the early 19th century.
||The Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian Latin: konvertibilna marka, Serbian Cyrillic: конвертибилна марка) (sign: KM; code: BAM) is the currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is divided into 100 fenings (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian Latin: feninga, Serbian Cyrillic: фенинга). The names derive from German Mark and Pfennig, hence the occasional local spelling of the subdivision as pfeniga. Its ISO 4217 code is BAM; it is locally abbreviated KM (Latin) or КМ (Cyrillic).
From wikipedia about Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina ( or ; Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian: ; in Cyrillic: Босна и Херцеговина), sometimes referred to as Bosnia-Herzegovina or simply Bosnia in the West, is a sovereign state in Southern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Bordered by Croatia
to the north, west and south, Serbia
to the east, and Montenegro
to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina
is almost landlocked, except for of Adriatic Sea coastline, centered on the town of Neum. and plane topography.
The country is home to three ethnic groups, or so-called "constituent peoples", a term unique for Bosnia-Herzegovina. Bosniaks are the largest group of the three, with Serbs second and Croats third. Regardless of ethnicity, a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina
is often identified in English as a Bosnian. The terms Herzegovinian and Bosnian are maintained as a regional rather than ethnic distinction, and Herzegovina has no precisely defined borders of its own. Moreover, the country was called just "Bosnia" (without Herzegovina) until Austro-Hungarian occupation at the end of the nineteenth century.
Formerly one of the six federal units constituting the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina
gained its independence during the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s. Bosnia and Herzegovina
is a parliamentary republic, which has a bicameral legislature and a three-member Presidency composed of a member of each major ethnic group. However, the central government's power is highly limited, as the country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
and Republika Srpska, with a third region, the Brčko District, governed under local government. The country is a potential candidate for membership to the European Union and has been a candidate for NATO membership since April 2010, when it received a Membership Action Plan at the summit in Tallinn. Additionally, the country has been a member of the Council of Europe since 24 April 2002 and a founding member of the Mediterranean Union upon its establishment on 13 July 2008.