Accra is located in the south-central part of Ghana. It shares common borders with the Central Region on the west, Volta Region on the east, Eastern Region on the north and the Gulf of Guinea on the south. It is the smallest of the 10 administrative regions.
It has a coastline of approximately 225 kilometres, stretching from Kokrobite in the west to Ada in the east. The region is relatively dry since it falls within the dry coastal equatorial climatic zone with temperatures ranging between 20° and 30° Cels ius and annual rainfall ranging from 635 mm along the coast to 1, 140 mm. in the northern parts. There are two rainfall peaks notably in June and October. The first rainfall season between April and July is associated with the major cropping season in the region.
National Museum. Highly worthwhile, the National Museum offers visitors a look at Ghanaian history and culture from prehistory to the present. Cultural exhibits include clothing, thrones, carvings, paintings, pottery, and a variety of instruments and tools used in various rituals. Each of these is accompanied by descriptions of their significance and meaning, so you can learn a lot if you take the time read them! Historical exhibits feature some of the most influential and important parts of Ghana's history, particularly the slave trade. There is also a fascinating exhibit of the history of the Ghanaian currency.
The three main shopping sites in Accra are Osu, Makola Market and the market by the Arts Center. Osu is Accra’s main shopping and wealthiest district.
Makola Market is Accra’s most popular market. It includes stores, informal stalls and walking vendors. You can find every type of goods, specially of textiles. Other markets are Kaneshie Market and Kumasi Central Market, the largest in West Africa.
For arts and crafts, try the market by the National Museum. You will find prints and paintings. At the Centre Of National Culture or Arts Center, you will find a more varied selection of arts and crafts in wood, leather and metal and a huge textile market.
Accra is the capital and largest city of Ghana, with an urban population of 1, 658, 937 according to the 2000 census. Accra is also the capital of the Greater Accra Region and of the Accra Metropolitan District, with which it is coterminous. Accra is furthermore the anchor of a larger metropolitan area, the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA), which includes eight districts - Accra Metropolitan, Tema Metropolitan, Ga East Municipal, Ga West Municipal, Ga South Municipal, Ledzokuku-Krowor Municipal, Ashaiman Municipal and Adenta Municipal. The GAMA is home to about 4 million people, making it the largest metropolitan conglomeration in Ghana by population, and the eleventh-largest metropolitan area in Africa.
Originally built around a port, Accra stretches along the Ghanaian Atlantic coast and extends north into the country's interior. It served as the capital of the British-ruled Gold Coast between 1877 and 1957. Once merely a 19th-century suburb of Victoriaborg, Accra has since transitioned into a modern metropolis; the city's architecture reflects this history, ranging from 19th-century British colonial buildings to modern skyscrapers and apartment blocks.
Accra is Ghana's primate city, serving as the nation's economic and administrative hub. It is furthermore a centre of culture and tourism, sporting a wide range of nightclubs, restaurants and hotels. Since the early 1990s, a number of new buildings have been built, including the multi-storey French-owned Novotel hotel. The city's National Theatre was built with Chinese assistance. In 2010, the GaWC designated Accra a Gamma-minus-level world city, indicating a growing level of international influence and connectedness.
The central business district of Accra contains the city's main banks and department stores, the Cocoa Marketing Board headquarters (dealing with cocoa, Ghana's chief export) and an area known as the Ministries, where Ghana's government administration is concentrated. Economic activities in Accra include the financial and agricultural sectors, Atlantic fishing, and the manufacture of processed food, lumber, plywood, textiles, clothing and chemicals.
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